A Pond From Scratch

The location:

A vital consideration for a healthy pond is choosing a suitable location. Therefore, plan carefully where you would like to construct your pond.

Choose an area in medium shade that is open to the south and west with approximately 4-6 hours of sunshine a day, The north side of the garden is therefore less suitable.

A architectural pond can be constructed close to the house. A biotope however should be situated in a quieter area of the garden. An area underneath trees is not really suitable due to the shade and the falling leaves.

When you decide on a location for a pond you should also consider your neighbours: The noise of a fountain or watercourse can irritate some people after a while and has caused more than one argument between neighbours in the past. Frogs can sometimes create an incredible level of noise that can rob people of their sleep. Last but not least you should consider the important subject of safety i.e. for children.

A further important factor to consider is the water supply and the disposal. The pond water can be tap water, rainwater or water from a well. Pure, sterile tap water is not recommended for fish. However certain additives can change the water quality so that it provides a good medium for fish to live in.

You should never use rainwater for the initial fill of the pond. It lacks minerals and carries pollutions from the air. Therefore it should never be used directly but only for topping up. It is unavoidable that rain will enter the pond. Hence it should be treated regularly to compensate.

Well water is not suitable either for the initial fill. Generally it lacks oxygen and carries substances from various layers of the soil, which could be harmful to occupants in the pond. Therefore check the water quality before the initial fill.

Finally you have to account for the use of filters and pumps right from the start. To provide plants and animals with an ideal living environment it is important to choose the correct location for the filter and pumps to enable effective operation.

If you plan to install lighting systems you need to consider the need for power supply, cable and switches. Don't forget you will need to use and approved RCCD (Residual Current Circuit Device).

So in brief:

  1. Choose an open and sunny location with an average exposure to sunlight of 4-6 hours.
  2. Do not construct your pond underneath trees.
  3. Choose a quiet place for a tranquil haven for wildlife
  4. Ensure the availability of a water and power supply.
  5. Check the location for the pond, i.e. back garden or close to the house (personal choice)
  6. Are you planning to keep fish ?
  7. Decide whether you want to use a pond liner, a pre-formed pond or to build one ...

 

The Pond Size:

Teh decision for the size and shape of the pond should be determined by your own preference, and the size of the garden and the intended location. In any case, the size of the pond plays an important part for the biological balance of the pond.The larger the pond is, the more natural the visual effect, and the better the conditions for plants and animals. If you intend to keep fish, especially Koi, your pond will need a minimum depth of 1M (1.3 m for Koi) to provide an ideal living environment especially in the winter, if you do not intend to heat your pond, as so many are doing today.

Take a look at this table below which is designed to give you some rough guidelines for the calculation of the pond size and water volume.
 

Getting it right from the start - Location and size of pond...

The location:

A vital consideration for a healthy pond is choosing a suitable location. Therefore, plan carefully where you would like to construct your pond.

Choose an area in medium shade that is open to the south and west with approximately 4-6 hours of sunshine a day, The north side of the garden is therefore less suitable.

A architectural pond can be constructed close to the house. A biotope however should be situated in a quieter area of the garden. An area underneath trees is not really suitable due to the shade and the falling leaves.

When you decide on a location for a pond you should also consider your neighbours: The noise of a fountain or watercourse can irritate some people after a while and has caused more than one argument between neighbours in the past. Frogs can sometimes create an incredible level of noise that can rob people of their sleep. Last but not least you should consider the important subject of safety i.e. for children.

A further important factor to consider is the water supply and the disposal. The pond water can be tap water, rainwater or water from a well. Pure, sterile tap water is not recommended for fish. However certain additives can change the water quality so that it provides a good medium for fish to live in.

You should never use rainwater for the initial fill of the pond. It lacks minerals and carries pollutions from the air. Therefore it should never be used directly but only for topping up. It is unavoidable that rain will enter the pond. Hence it should be treated regularly to compensate.

Well water is not suitable either for the initial fill. Generally it lacks oxygen and carries substances from various layers of the soil, which could be harmful to occupants in the pond. Therefore check the water quality before the initial fill.

Finally you have to account for the use of filters and pumps right from the start. To provide plants and animals with an ideal living environment it is important to choose the correct location for the filter and pumps to enable effective operation.

If you plan to install lighting systems you need to consider the need for power supply, cable and switches. Don't forget you will need to use and approved RCCD (Residual Current Circuit Device).

So in brief:

  1. Choose an open and sunny location with an average exposure to sunlight of 4-6 hours.
  2. Do not construct your pond underneath trees.
  3. Choose a quiet place for a tranquil haven for wildlife
  4. Ensure the availability of a water and power supply.
  5. Check the location for the pond, i.e. back garden or close to the house (personal choice)
  6. Are you planning to keep fish ?
  7. Decide whether you want to use a pond liner, a pre-formed pond or to build one ...

Continued: for the benefits of our webmaster ...

The Pond Size:

The decision for the size and shape of the pond should be deterined by your own preference, and the size of the garden and the intended location. In any case, the size of the pond plays an important part for the biological balance of the pond. The larger the pond is, the more natural the visual effect, and the better the conditions for plants and animals. If you intend to keep fish, especially Koi, your pond will need a minimum depth of 1M (1.3 m for Koi) to provide an ideal living environment especially in the winter, if you do not intend to heat your pond, as so many are doing today.  

Consideration of course must be given to what you use to construct your pond ... will you be using a liner - or will you decide to build a pond using concrete blocks or bricks ... and you can learn more about 'Pond Construction' on our pages covering that subject .... 

We hope that this information above may help you if you are at this moment considering building either a simple garden pond or going for a much more lavish arrangement to house Japanese Koi Carp ...  is there any other worth consideration ?